Unit crime refers to acts that endanger the society by companies, enterprises, institutions, agencies, and organizations that should bear criminal responsibility in accordance with the law. The single penalty system means that only the unit or the person directly responsible for the unit is punished . In contrast, the double penalty system, also known as the two penalty system, refers to a unit that not only imposes a fine on the unit, but also directly punishes the person in charge and other directly responsible personnel.
Single penalty system for unit surrender. There are also some provisions in the sub-rules of China s criminal law that only provide punishment to the person in charge and other responsible personnel who are directly responsible for the unit. The unit does not apply the penalty, that is, the single penalty system. The criminal responsibility of the person in charge directly responsible and other persons directly responsible can be lightened, mitigated or exempted from punishment in accordance with the natural person s confession system.
Double punishment system for unit s self-confidence. Most penalties in China s criminal law for unit crimes are a double penalty system, that is, a fine is imposed on the unit and an unlimited fine is used. The specific amount of the fine is not clearly defined, but it can be appropriately determined according to the unit s confession. Reduce the amount of fines. The penalties, such as free punishment and fines, for the person in charge directly responsible for the surrender of the consenting unit and other directly responsible persons can be lightly punished in accordance with the current system of surrender (except for those who do not agree to surrender).
Article 30 [Scope of Unit s Criminal Responsibility] Acts that endanger the society by companies, enterprises, institutions, agencies, and organizations shall be criminally responsible for crimes committed by the unit.
Article 31 [Principle of Unit Crimes] If a unit commits a crime, the unit shall be fined, and the person in charge directly responsible and other persons directly responsible shall be punished. Where the provisions of this Law and other laws provide otherwise, such provisions shall be followed.