On September 3, 2015, the 70th anniversary of the victory of the Chinese People s Anti-Japanese War and the World Anti-Fascist War was grandly held in Beijing. This is a nuclear team with both missiles under review.
On July 24, the State Council Information Office published a white paper entitled China s National Defense in the New Era , stating that China adheres to the coordinated development of national defense and economic construction, and reasonably determines the scale of national defense expenditures based on the country s economic development level and national defense needs.
The new version of the white paper starts from the three dimensions of defense expenditure as a proportion of GDP, defense expenditure as a proportion of fiscal expenditure, and per capita defense expenditure level. Through horizontal comparison with the world s defense expenditure among the top countries in the world, it strongly proves China s defense expenditure. Growth is at a reasonably modest level and expenditure levels are low. This is also the first time that China has clarified the gap between China s defense spending and support needs through an international comparison of defense spending.
On the one hand, China s defense spending and growth are in a reasonable and moderate range. China s defense expenditure as a percentage of its gross domestic product (GDP) dropped from a peak of 5.43% in 1979 to 1.26% in 2017 , and has remained within 2% in the past 30 years. From 2012 to 2017, the average growth rate of China s defense expenditure was 9.24%. During the same period, China s GDP grew by an average of 9.04%, and its fiscal expenditure increased by an average annual rate of 10.43%. This shows that China s defense expenditure as a proportion of GDP has remained stable, and defense expenditures have kept pace with national fiscal expenditures.
On the other hand, China s defense expenditure is lower than that of major international military powers. The white paper states that China s defense expenditure as a percentage of GDP is lower than that of the United States, Russia, India, the United Kingdom, and France. It ranks sixth among the countries with the highest defense expenditure in the world, and is the lowest among the permanent members of the UN Security Council.; China s defense expenditure as a percentage of fiscal expenditure ranks fourth among the world s major military powers, lower than Russia, the United States and India; in 2017, China s national defense expenditure per capita was 750 yuan, and the Chinese military s per capita defense expenditure was 521,600 yuan Are far below the level of major military powers.
It is a common practice for countries to adjust defense expenditures in accordance with national defense needs and the level of national economic development. As a country with a population of 1.4 billion and the world s second largest economy, China needs to have matching national defense expenditures. The data disclosed in the white paper show that the increase in China s defense spending is reasonable and appropriate, and it meets the needs of the state to maintain national defense security and military reform with Chinese characteristics. These informative data also show that China s defense spending is still low among major powers, regardless of its overall defense spending level or per capita defense spending level.
In addition, the new version of the National Defense White Paper also responds to complaints about opacity in China s defense spending. The white paper states that since 1978, the Chinese government has submitted annual budget reports to the National People s Congress and announced the total annual defense budget; since 2007, since 2007, China has participated in the UN military transparency system and submitted the last fiscal year to the UN every year. Basic data on defense expenditure. The white paper cited a lot of informative data and charts, which visually showed the growth level of Chinas defense expenditure and its expenditure situation to the outside world, greatly increasing the amount of information, enhancing transparency and persuasion.
In the face of the facts on the table, if there is still the issue of speculation about China s defense expenditure, if it is not a poor understanding, I am afraid that it is deaf and ulterior motives.