Djibouti is located in northeast Africa, on the west coast of the Gulf of Aden, and in the throat of the Red Sea into the Indian Ocean. Therefore, the United States and France have established military bases here, and China is also building a secure base here. At the same time, Djibouti is also China s first overseas base.
Djibouti has an area of 23,200 square kilometers and a population of 940,000. Due to the lack of domestic natural resources and the weak foundation of industry and agriculture, more than 95% of agricultural products and industrial products rely on imports. It is one of the least developed countries in the world. Djibouti is also one of the hottest countries in Africa. The climate is hot all year round, dry and dry, and the land is almost bare and without any vegetation.
Djibouti is located in the key traffic points of Europe, Asia, and Africa, and obeys the strategic route of the Red Sea into the Indian Ocean-the Strait of Mande. The Mander Strait is the lifeline of international oil shipping. This is the best place for pirate robbery. With the increasing rampant piracy in the waters of Somalia and the Gulf of Aden, more than 20 countries including China and international organizations have sent warships to the Gulf of Aden Fight pirates in the waters and escort merchant ships.
Djibouti was a French colony, so France has the longest garrison in Djibouti, and Djibouti is also the largest military base outside France. In addition, Djibouti is also the largest military base overseas. In 2011, Japan stationed on the grounds of combating Somali pirates , and it became Japan s first overseas military base after World War II. The explanation they gave was to protect maritime security and work with the US military to combat illegal acts such as piracy.
In recent years, with the continuous enhancement of China-Africa exchanges, Chinese companies projects in Djibouti involve large-scale infrastructure projects such as seaports, airports and railways, and the relationship between the two countries has continued to deepen. Two years ago, at the invitation of Djibouti, China established a support base for military cooperation, joint performances, joint training, evacuation and protection, and emergency rescue.
Today, there are tens of thousands of foreign troops stationed in Djibouti, and the United States, France and even Japan have military bases. In Djibouti, Djibouti is the world s largest in terms of both the number of garrisoned countries and the number of garrisoned troops. Among them, the military bases of the Chinese and American armed forces are about 12 kilometers apart. With the Djibouti base in China, China can bring more reliable logistical supplies, more efficient evacuation and stronger ability to combat piracy, and defend China s economic interests in order to maintain the security of international strategic channels.