The First Geographical Book of Shan Hai Jing

The Book of Mountains and Seas is an ancient book from the pre-Qin dynasty. It mainly describes ancient geography, properties, mythology, witchcraft, religion, etc., and also includes ancient history, medicine, folklore, and ethnicity. In addition, the Shan Hai Jing also records some strange events, and there is still much controversy over these events.

古 This ancient bizarre book records a lot of myths and stories, and is widely chanted. It is said that in Yao, ten suns appeared in the sky at the same time, scorching the land and drying up the crops. People were too hot to breathe and fell unconscious on the ground. Because of the hot weather, some monsters and beasts also ran out of the dry rivers and lakes and flame-like forests, killing people everywhere.

The disaster in the world shocked the gods in the sky, and the emperor ordered his descendant who was good at archery to go to the earth to help Yao relieve the suffering in the world. Houyi came to the world with a red bow, a pocket of white arrows, and a beautiful wife, Chang e. Hou Yi immediately began the battle to shoot the sun. He removed the red bow from his shoulder, took out the white arrows, and shot one by one toward the arrogant sun, and ten suns were shot in an instant. Yao thought it would be useful for the people to leave a sun, so he stopped Houyi s continued shooting. This is the story of the famous Houyi shooting day.

Shan Hai Jing also recorded the story of Nuwa Bu Tian. It is said that when human beings multiplied, Sudden Water God and Vulcan Zhu Rong fought, and they fought from the sky to the ground, causing trouble. As a result, Zhu Rong won, but the defeated co-workers refused to accept it, and in a fury, banged their heads on Zhoushan. But Zhoushan broke down, the pillars supporting the heavens and the earth broke, the sky fell to the half, a big cave appeared, and the ground fell into big cracks. The mountain forest burned a fire. Snake beasts also came out to devour the people. Humanity is facing an unprecedented catastrophe.

Seeing such a terrible misfortune for human beings, her son-in-law was determined to make up the sky to end the disaster. She used a variety of five-colored stones, set them on fire to melt them into a slurry, and used the stone to make up for the missing sky. Then she cut off the four legs of a large turtle and collapsed it as four pillars. Half of the sky rises. The son-in-law also slayed the black dragon that killed the people, stopping the arrogance of the dragon and snake. Finally, in order to stop the flood from flowing, the son-in-law also collected a large amount of reeds, burned them to ash, and buried the flood that spread out everywhere.

After a bit of hard work by the son-in-law, the sky filled up, the ground was filled, the water stopped, the dragons and snakes beasts converged, and the people lived a comfortable life again. But this terrible calamity left traces after all. Since that day, it still tilts to the northwest, so the sun, moon, and stars all naturally return to the west, and because the earth tilts to the southeast, all rivers converge there.

18 18 volumes of Shan Hai Jing, about 31,000 words. The content of the entire book is composed of 5 pieces of Wuzangshan Scripture and 4 pieces of Overseas Scriptures; 4 pieces of Haijing Scriptures as a group; and 5 pieces of the Great Wild Scripture and 1 piece of Haijing Scriptures as a group. The organizational structure of each group has its own head and tail, runs in succession, and has an outline and a purpose. The set of the five Tibetan sutras is divided into sections according to the orientation order of south, west, north, east, and middle, and each section is divided into several sections. The previous section and the next section are connected by related sentences to make the sections The relationship between them is very clear. The book records these things by region. Most of the memorabilia started from the south, then west, then north, and finally reached the central part of the mainland (Kyushu). Kyushu is surrounded by the East China Sea, the West China Sea, the South China Sea, and the North Sea.

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