China has a long history, splendid culture, many ethnic groups, and many differences in regional living culture. It has accumulated rich folk culture in a long history. It can be said that if you want to learn Chinese well, you must first learn Chinese culture; if you want to learn Chinese culture, you must first understand Chinese folk culture. Chinese folklore is a life culture created by the people of all ethnic groups in China for thousands of years, and it is a way of life that has been inherited from generation to generation. Its content mainly includes three categories: folk customs, folk beliefs and folk arts. These contents have been passed down from generation to generation, and continue to change and enrich with the continuation of life and social development.
(1) Send the Baijiayi custom. Bai Jia Yi is a kind of baby clothes, which is sewn from rags taken from 100 families around it, hence the name Bai Jia Yi.
(2) The custom of eating hundreds of rice. On the first day of the first month of the lunar calendar, my grandfather would hold his grandson under the age of one, and it would be better to ask for food for his grandson . They boiled the steamed buns, vegetables, and rice together to make porridge for children to eat.
2. Folk beliefs
The objects of Chinese folk beliefs are numerous and complex, involving everything, not only specific things such as natural things, but also things that belong to people s imagination, such as the gods they believe in. Some of these gods come from religion , such as Guanyin, Buddha Buddha, Taishang Laojun, etc.; some are from ancient myths and legends, such as the legendary god god and door god; some are from ancient sages, such as those worshipped by merchants. The God of Wealth is known as Guan Yu from the Three Kingdoms and Zhao Gongming from the Qin Dynasty.
Ghost Festival is a cultural phenomenon in Chinese folk. It is a fusion of the Obon Festival of Buddhism and the Zhongyuan Festival of Taoism. All the ghosts came out to look for food on this day, so the people put up offerings for their ancestors to enjoy, and Taoism set July 15th as the Chinese Yuan Festival. On this day, Taoists read the scriptures day and night to surpass the dead. On July 14th, people used the Ghost Festival to pin their grief on their loved ones and express their longing for a better life.
3. Folk art
Folk art is an important part of folk culture. It is popular, living and folk art. Below we take paper cutting as an example to illustrate.
Paper cutting is one of the most popular folk arts in China. According to archeological findings, its history can be traced back to the 6th century, but it is believed that its actual start time is hundreds of years earlier. Paper cutting is often used in religious rituals, decoration and plastic arts. It is popular because of its easy-to-obtain materials, low cost, effective results, and wide adaptability, and it is suitable for rural women to make in their free time. Paper cutting can be be seen all over China, and even many local style genres have been formed.
Paper-cutting not only expresses the masses aesthetic hobby, but also contains the deep social psychology of the nation. It is also one of the most distinctive folk arts in China. Paper cutting is now used more for decoration. It can be used to decorate walls, doors and windows, room pillars, mirrors, lamps and lanterns, etc. It can also be used as a decoration for gifts, and even the paper cut itself can be given as a gift to others.