The Origin of the “Car” _Transportation of Ancient People

Before the Song Dynasty, people called it shoulder shoulders, and it was one of the most Chinese-style means of transportation. The original meaning of yu refers to the carriage, then shouyu Wang Wenshengyi is the carriage carried on the shoulders of people.

The sedan chair was produced in the early Xia Dynasty and was a mutated product of the car. At the beginning, the sedan chair was only a means of transportation for people to walk on mountain roads. Because the heavy wooden wheels could not run smoothly on the rugged mountain roads, people simply unloaded the wheels and lifted the carriage alone. However, many carmen felt that lifting the big wood was too heavy, so many people used bamboo to weave the main body of the car in order to reduce the load on their shoulders. And so on, but they all refer to the same thing, a sedan chair.

The earliest sedan chair is not as good-looking as the sedan chair we see today. It is like a carriage, tied to two poles, sitting on it, and carrying it on the shoulder, as a means of travel. Later, there were waist-ups with hands raised up to the waist, waist-ups with climbing up and down, and half-lifting half-ups.

Lifting the sedan, especially when someone is carried below, is much smoother and more comfortable than riding a car, so the sedan chair has been expanded from being used for walking on the mountain road to a means for the royal nobles in the plains or palaces . There is another type of sedan called stepping. 辇 was originally a wooden wheel barrow. Since the Qin Dynasty, 辇 has become a special name for the king and concubine riding tools. The step is to lift the car and remove the wheels for human use. As the sedan chair gradually became a means of travel for the emperor and aristocracy, its shape changed greatly, and as its shape changed, it also gained more names. For example, in the Jin Dynasty, the sedan chairs were called Bao Yu and Bu Yu, and Bao was the same as Board because some sedan chairs were made of wood.

During the Song Dynasty, this kind of saying of jiaozi appeared. As a comfortable means of transportation, it was common in the Song Dynasty. There are many sedan chairs on the well-known Northern Song Dynasty s Jingliang Street in the famous Pictures of the Qingming River. Although these sedan chairs are very similar to those of the Han and Tang dynasties, they are still lifted by two people, but they are well-selected, mainly made of hardwood, with carved dragons on the top , and have beautiful shapes. During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, sedan chairs were developed to carry four or eight people.

Many Like many things, under the hierarchical system in feudal society, the use of sedan chairs has strict grade regulations. Different official products have strict distinctions in the type of sedan chairs and the color of the materials used in the curtains. Sitting in the wrong sedan is illegal.

In ancient times, there were two kinds of shapes or types. One was a cold sedan without a curtain, also called a bright sedan or a prominent sedan, and the other was a warm sedan with a curtain, also called a dark sedan. In addition, sedan chairs have different names according to their uses: those used by the emperor of the royal family are called public sedan; those used by noble officials are called official sedan; ornately decorated sedan used by people to marry their relatives is called flower sedan . The number of people who carry a sedan chair is usually two to eight people. Most of the people carry a sedan chair for two people. The sedan chair that officials take is divided into four people and eight people.

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