Chinese clothing, like Chinese culture, is created by the infiltration and influence of various nationalities. Since the Han and Tang Dynasties, especially after modern times, a large number of outstanding crystals that have absorbed and melted the foreign cultures of various nationalities in the world have evolved into the so-called Chinese clothing culture with Han as the main body.
China has the great etiquette, so it is called Xia; it has the beauty of the rules and regulations, and it is called Hua. What we call Hua Xia has such a meaning. Hanfu is also known as Huafu, and its form is roughly the form of top clothes under clothes.
The reason for this is mainly determined by the natural and social environment of our country at that time. As we all know, the Central China Huaxia people are mainly farming peoples, and people s lives are closely related to land. When the weather is hot, the farmers are tired from working in the field and sweating. As for the Chinese clothes in the form of tops and skirts, the farmers can easily take off the clothes on them.
Imagine wearing a jumpsuit is more troublesome. Some people say why is it not in the form of tops and pants? This is also the reason for the natural environment. It is easy to dissipate clothes while wearing pants, but it will be hot (usually worn by nomads).
This is also a difference between farming and nomadic peoples. Of course, with the development of the society, the Chinese clothing of the upper and lower ones has also appeared, but for farmers facing the loess and the sky, the most convenient and practical form of clothes is the form of top clothes under clothes.
Costumes always reflected the ideas of people at that time, as was Han clothing. In different times, people s clothing is also very different. Here to talk about the Zhou Dynasty, the Zhou Dynasty implemented a sub-sealing system and followed the Zhou Li. In this society of juniors, ministers, fathers, sons, sons, and sons, society, clothing can also reflect the strict hierarchy at that time.
For example, Twelve Chapter Patterns includes sun, moon, stars, mountains, dragons, Chinese worms, Zongyi, algae, fire, powdered rice, cormorants, and cormorants. According to legend, this was made by Emperor Shun in order to warn future kings to have twelve virtues.
Each chapter pattern corresponds to a virtue.
Sun corresponds to Brightness, Month corresponds to Quietness, Stars corresponds to Broadness, Mountains corresponds to Stable, Dragon corresponds to Smart Hand, Hua Chong Corresponds to huamei, Zongyi corresponds to loyalty and filial piety.
Algae corresponds to cleanness, fire corresponds to upward, powder rice corresponds to wuben, 黼 corresponds to decisiveness, and 黻 corresponds to mingli.
The official uniforms of the Zhou Dynasty strictly followed the Zhou rituals. The emperor s crown can be printed with all twelve chapters, the crown can only be printed with nine types, and so on. The official uniforms worn by officials of different ranks also have strict requirements. There are nine kinds of Duke s seals, starting from the mountain ; seven kinds of marquis seals, starting from the Chinese insect.
Only under the specific historical and cultural background can ancient Chinese costumes develop better. Influenced by the traditional hierarchical system, ancient Chinese costumes were used to express the will of the ruling class. Costumes modify a group represented by the ruling class, rather than individual, independent individuals.
Costumes are influenced by the ruling class and are severely constrained by ethics. Therefore, they pay attention to expressing the personality connotation of the wearer through various craftsmanship, and expressing the spiritual connotation of people through complex and complicated patterns and patterns. No attention is paid to how to shape the curvy beauty of the human body.
The ancient times The design methods of ancient Chinese costumes, on the whole, are symmetrical, smooth and harmonious. In recent years, many fashion designers have also sought to find design inspiration from traditional Chinese costumes, and strive to develop clothing that suits our national development style , so as to promote the development of our national clothing.
Through the study of Chinese ancient costumes in the context of Chinese culture, in order to better understand and master the details and meaning of Chinese ancient costumes, so as to better inherit Chinese culture and realize the new development of China s clothing industry.
Reference source: Baidu Encyclopedia-Chinese clothing culture
Recommended to launch all the long and colorful Chinese clothing culture on 2017-11-26. A history of human clothing is, in a sense, a history of human culture development.
Costume is the unique labor achievement of mankind. It is not only the crystallization of material civilization, but also the meaning of spiritual civilization. Human society has slowly progressed for hundreds of thousands of years after being obscured and barbaric into the age of civilization. After our ancestors said goodbye to the apes, they watched animal skins and leaves, wandered in countless years in the wind and rain, finally struggling to enter the threshold of the civilized age, and learned to cover themselves and create another. Material civilization. However, the pursuit of beauty is human nature. Dressing in clothing, such as gold in a Buddha, not only covers the body and warms the body, but also has a beautifying function. Almost from the day when the clothing originated, people have accumulated their life customs, aesthetic tastes, color hobbies, as well as various cultural mentalities and religious concepts in the clothing, forming the spiritual civilization of the cl othing culture.
Chinese clothing, like Chinese culture, is created by the infiltration and influence of various nationalities. Since the Han and Tang Dynasties, especially after modern times, a large number of outstanding crystals that have absorbed and melted the foreign cultures of various nationalities in the world have evolved into the so-called Chinese clothing culture with Han as the main body. This is in line with the assertion of the American anthropologist Infiniti: A cultural project is the result of external infiltration or the product of natural independent inventions. This question is very critical for those who value historical heritage, and for those who use comparisons. It s also important for people who research methods. We can say with certainty that in all cultures, more than 90% of the content first appeared in the form of cultural penetration.
The achievements of archeology and principal anthropology after the founding of New China have scientifically traced the origins of costume culture to the peak cave people stage in the late Paleolithic period of primitive society. Even more distantly before, humans began to use hides from hunting to cover their bodies and keep them warm. In summer, pick leaves to hide the sun from the heat. This marks the emergence of primitive clothing just after humans have just left the animal realm. The daily necessities and production tools found in the remains of the Shandingdong people have confirmed that people at that time had created a clothing culture characterized by sewing. At this time, clothing was no longer a simple use of natural materials, but evolved into a structure that meets the needs of human life, creating a precedent for the Chinese national costume culture.
The historical origins of China s clothing culture, if you look for it from the classical, it will always be attributed to the three emperors and five emperors.
During the Yin and Shang dynasties, the development of social productive forces also had many material civilization initiatives.
The production relations of esteem and esteem caused the clothing to begin to form its inherent system. The Zhou Dynasty was a period of gradual improvement of China s crown service system. At this time, written records about clothing were very common.
With the emergence of hierarchies and the distinction between superior and inferior, various etiquettes have emerged. Reflected in costumes, there are sacrifice dress, court service, obedience service, hanging funeral service, and wedding dress. These costumes are suitable for the emperor and the people, and have even been used in the feudal society of the two thousand years since the Shang and Zhou Dynasties.
During the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, countries did not fully adhere to the Zhou system. The rise of the seven nations is independent of each other. In addition to Qin Guo s treatment of the West, and the other six countries have differences in the clothing system, the other six countries are due to the hobby and luxury of the princes, and the emergence of a hundred schools of thought at the time, each also show their style in clothing. Among the three thousand diners in Chunshenjun, all the guests were wearing beads; hundreds of plains in the queen s queen s palace; the guards of the royal palace wore black robes;.
At the beginning of the Han Dynasty, the costumes were inextricably linked with the people. Although the Western Han Dynasty had the costume system of the Eighth Order of the Heavenly Emperor, they did not quite understand it. It was probably different from the four seasons , such as spring green, summer red, autumn yellow, and winter soap. The daily clothes of the Han women were tops and skirts. Since the Wei, Jin and the Southern and Northern Dynasties, the northern ethnic costumes have been brought to this area because the northern ethnic groups have taken over the Central Plains. At the same time, a large number of national costume cultures also affected and assimilated the costumes of the northern nations. Women s daily clothes are still more than wearing jackets, shirts and skirts . Jackets and skirts can also be used as shirts in dresses.
The Sui and Sui countries unified the country and reintroduced the Han nationality s clothing system. However, it was also difficult to get rid of the influence of the northern nationality s uniformity from the north to the south, which brought about the formation of the northern nationality s clothing. Only after the establishment of the Tang Dynasty empire, with its long-term rule and its strong national strength, its clothing system inherited the dynasty system, and the vicissitudes of the later crown system, like its society, showed prosperity. scene. The Tang people have frequent exchanges with various ethnic groups in the Northwest, and there are many people from various ethnic groups living in the hinterland with the Tang people. Therefore, the costumes of the Tang people in Hu clothes are often seen in cultural relics of that era.
A large area of northern Song and Song dynasties became the ruled territory of the Jurchen nobility, and the costume culture also interacted due to its political and economic factors. Continuation of the Zizhi Tongjian records: Lin an custom, since more than ten years, the clothes are disorderly, and the habit is a side dress … It can be seen that Kyoto in the Southern Song Dynasty is also a northern clothing. Women s daily clothing in the Song Dynasty mostly wore jackets , jackets, shirts, backs, half arms, and skirts and pants on the lower body. Its fabrics are Luo, yarn, brocade, ray, yi, and silk. In particular, the skirt is quite styled, and its texture is often seen in gauzes. Among the colors, the red of the pomegranate flower is the most noticeable. Pleated skirts were also one of the characteristics of skirts at that time, ranging from six, eight, and twelve. Noble women wore skirts with more pleats.
The Yuan Dynasty was an era when the Mongolians ruled the Central Plains. Its clothing not only conforms to the Han system, but also promotes its own national system.
At the beginning of the Yuan Dynasty, the princes in Beijing were shaved to dress as Mongolians. The Mongolian clothing is mainly headgear and men s earrings. However, after the Yuan Dade period. The clothing of the scholars of Mongolia and Han also recognized their own. After Zhu Yuanzhang overthrew the Yuan dynasty and established the Daming Empire, he first banned Hu clothing, Hu language, and Hu surnames, and then yelled in the name of Ming Taizu: the clothes were shaped like the Tang Dynasty. The emperor s crown clothing, civil and military hundred official costumes, and courtier costumes in the Ming dynasty can be described as cumbersome. Men s clothing in the Qing Dynasty was dominated by robes and horse gowns, and this style was most popular during the Yongzheng period of the late Kangxi period. Women s clothing in the Qing Dynasty can be described as Manchu and Han clothing coexist. Manchu women are dominated by robes, while Han women are still more fashionable under clothes . From the middle of the Qing Dynasty, the Manchu and Han people followed suit. In the later period, the Manchu people followed the Han nationality quite well, and even the history books recorded that Most half flags were changed to Han clothes, and palace robes were cut into short clothes . The Han nationality imitating Manchu costumes also became popular among the noble ladies at this time. Women s clothing styles and varieties also became more and more diverse until the Qing Dynasty, such as vests, wraps, skirts, coats, cloud shoulders, scarves, handcages, tube tops, belts, glasses … Entering the modern era after 184o, western culture infiltrated the native Chinese culture. Many coastal cities, especially metropolises such as Shanghai, have lived in the western atmosphere because of the mixed living in the western world, and the clothing has also begun to undergo potential changes. Foreign clothing is becoming popular due to its low price. It takes time and labor, and traditional crafts such as sophisticated rolling, inlaying, inlaying, and embroidery are gradually declining, and western sewing methods are beginning to become popular. Women s fashion, in particular, has a great influence because of its delicate sewing and style in line with the times . Cheongsam, which was popular in the 20s of this century, was born in the clothing of Manchu women in the Qing Dynasty. It was shaped by the Han women s continuous improvement in the absorption of Western clothing.
Men s clothing in the Qing Dynasty mainly consisted of robes and horse gowns. This style was most popular in the Yongzheng period of the late Kangxi period. Women s clothing in the Qing Dynasty can be described as Manchu and Han clothing coexist. Manchu women are dominated by robes, while Han women are still more fashionable under clothes. From the middle of the Qing Dynasty, the Manchu and Han people followed suit. In the later period, the Manchu people followed the Han nationality quite well, and even the history books recorded that Most half flags were changed to Han clothes, and palace robes were cut into short clothes. The Han nationality imitating Manchu costumes also became popular among the noble ladies at this time. Women s clothing styles and varieties also became more and more diverse until the Qing Dynasty, such as vests, wraps, skirts, coats, cloud shoulders, scarves, hand cages, tube tops, belts, glasses …
Entering modern times after 1840, Western culture has infiltrated Chinese native culture. Many coastal cities, especially metropolises such as Shanghai, have begun to have a western style because of the mixed living in the Western Ocean, and the clothing has also begun to undergo potential changes.
Cheongsam, popular in the 1920s, was born in the clothing of the Manchu women in the Qing Dynasty. It was shaped by the Han women s continuous improvement in the absorption of Western clothing in their clothing. At that time, there were no professional clothing research centers, and the clothing styles changed by thousands of households, which were constantly changing under the influence of the times.
From the 1920s to the late 1940s, the Chinese cheongsam has been popular for more than 20 years. The style has changed several times, such as the height of the collar, the length of the sleeves, and the height of the slits. The old appearance of corsets and arm wraps made women s body shape and curvy beauty fully displayed, which was suitable for the fashion of the time and contributed to the liberation of women. The green cloth cheongsam was most welcomed by the female students at that time, and went straight for a while. The country followed suit and almost became the typical dress of the new Chinese women in the late 1920s. It is worth mentioning that the distinctiveness of the cheongsam style on the cheongsam style of modern girls and socialite movie stars in the ten-mile ocean market leading the fashion trend at the time also promoted its development. Among them, the socialist Tang Ying was the first in Shanghai. Yunshang Fashion Company was founded. Since the 1930s, cheongsam h as almost become the standard clothing for Chinese women, and folk women, students, workers, and noble wives are all wearing it. Cheongsam has even become a dress for social occasions and diplomatic activities. Later, the cheongsam also spread abroad, imitating dressing for other women.
Clothing is a symbol of status and status, a symbol that represents an individual s political status and social status. Therefore, clothing has been a very important thing since the ancient monarchs became political, and the clothing system has been completed, and the political order has also been completed. Therefore, in Chinese tradition, clothing is a part of politics, and its importance is far beyond the status of governance in modern society.
It is said that clothing, for humans, sheltering the body from cold is its primary function. However, since human clothing civilization has come out of the era of the only practical purpose, its functions have become complicated. Especially in China, since ancient times , the clothing system has been one of the important systems of governing the king.
Promote clothing to perform its function and achieve its purpose of the rule of the world. The most important factor is clothing color. Clothing has two major functions: one is to distinguish status and the other is to indicate the occasion. The ancient government had prescribed clothing for people all over the world. In particular, the heavenly princes, princes, and hundred officials, from sacrifice, court service, public service to general service, have detailed regulations. They are almost in uniform. People, mostly belonging to the upper classes, are the object of envy, so uniform color strongly affects general fashion colors. The times are constantly changing, foreign cultures are continuously added to Chinese culture, and popular clothing colors will in turn affect uniform clothing colors. As a result of these two clothing color cultures violating each other, the owner seems to have little change in this period. There is a world of changed clothing. Ancient clothing can be di vided into three types according to the occasion: dresses, dresses, and regular clothes. Each category can be divided into several types. The principle is that the higher the status person, the more types that can be worn and the more colors can be used .