I agree with Einstein s conclusion. In other words, ancient China did not embark on the scientific path. But I do not agree with Einstein s explanation: China did not embark on the scientific path in ancient times because of lack of formal logic and scientific experiments. Why do you say that?
Because Einstein said, it means that in ancient China, there was no means to embark on the scientific path. This is equivalent to saying, why didn t the Qing government win Westerners? It is because Chinese ships are not strong and artillery is not good. This is obviously not a problem found from the system and the root cause.
Similar, the reason why ancient China did not embark on the scientific path is that China has no soil for the existence of science. What kind of soil is there?
First, there was no political soil for the existence of science in ancient China.
Ancient Ancient China was an official society. The value system is that you can only be regarded as valuable if you are an official.
What kind of person can be an official? The examinations of the Imperial Examination are all based on the four books and five classics, as well as the answers from the four books and five classics. So, in other words, you have only learned four books and five classics. You can get good grades and become an official.
After you became an official, your greatest achievement was not to lead the people to develop and become rich, but to educate the people, let the people respect the old, love the young, and be safe. The so-called Yao-Shun Way is about this. This is obviously just a moral picture.
Even if the ancients imagined an ideal society, they imagined a society with a beautiful moral outlook. For example, Tao Yuanming s The Story of Peach Blossoms , which talks about men and women living in harmony with each other, without avenging and killing, and without respect and nobility. In the so-called Datong society, the Da means that everyone is together, and the same means that everyone is the same.
Such a value system makes it difficult for the unconventional and cranky scientific spirit to emerge.
Second, there was no philosophical basis for scientific existence in ancient China.
The ancient The philosophy of ancient China was the induction of heaven and man, the reconciliation of yin and yang, and the reincarnation of cause and effect. All things in ancient China were based on the philosophical theories of heaven-human interaction, yin-yang reconciliation , and causal reincarnation.
For example, if a person should be an emperor, it depends on whether heaven has given you this life. If God has given you this life, you can be. Therefore, everyone who is an emperor must find an omen that God gave him.
If God has not given you this life, if you want to rely on personal efforts, it is absolutely not allowed. For example, why did Li Shimin finally give the throne to Li Zhi instead of Li Tai, Li Shimin explained: I can t let future generations think that the throne can be obtained through planning. Why Emperor Kangxi hated the most talented emperor eight sons Because the emperor s eighth son is planning.
Another example is whether you should be rich or not, it depends on whether your ancestors have accumulated your virtues. Your ancestors have accumulated your virtues, and you will be rich. Without accumulating ethics, you will not be able to work harder.
Not only is life and fate, all walks of life in life are explained by the celestial sensation, the yin and yang harmony. For example, the whole Chinese medicine is based on the interaction between heaven and human and the reconciliation of yin and yang. Why can leeks be aphrodisiac? It is because it cuts and grows, and grows very fast. Why can ta sick person eat spring buds? Because spring buds are born in the spring, they are hair objects. If you eat spring buds , your illness will develop.
On such a philosophical basis, science is difficult to produce.
Third, there was no basis for the application of science in ancient China.
Ancient Ancient China never liked pragmatism, and believed that pragmatism was apostate. And science just needs pragmatism. If not, what does the invention do? In the western industrial revolution, so many inventions and innovations appeared because of the needs in factories.
China refers to all inventions and creations as fantastic tricks. The word fornication of fornication here means excessive meaning. But why use the word prostitution? Obviously, there are some unclean and indecent meanings in the middle. Obviously , it is indifferent to inventions.
There is basically no record of the inventions and creations of the Eight Classics in ancient times. All the records are strange power and chaos. In other words, they all understand scientific inventions as weird.
For example, someone found a dinosaur fossil and asked Confucius. Confucius did not study from a scientific perspective, but from the aspect of social ethics education. Another example is Two Children Discussing the Sun. This article appears here. In fact, it compares Sun to a king, not science. Confucius cannot explain, not that he really cannot explain. Rather, the world is chaotic and Confucius is speechless.
And we also want to see that all those engaged in scientific inventions are inferior industries, it is impossible to stay high in the temples, and has no political or historical status.